Triple-negative breast cancer is estrogen receptor-negative, progesterone receptor-negative, and HER2-negative. Learn more about how common it is and how it's typically treated. Written by Jamie DePolo | Reviewed by 1 medical adviser | This information is provided by Breastcancer.org. What is Triple-Negative Breast Cancer?
Triple-negative breast cancer is invasive breast cancer that is:
The cells in triple-negative breast cancer don’t have receptors for the hormones estrogen or progesterone and don’t make too much of the HER2 protein. So, triple-negative breast cancers don’t respond to hormonal therapy medicines or medicines that target the HER2 protein.
Who gets Triple-Negative Breast Cancer?
Triple-negative breast cancer is more common in:
·Women younger than 40
Women who have a BRCA1 mutation
According to the American Cancer Society, triple-negative breast cancer represents 10% of breast cancers overall, but nearly 20% among Black women, who are affected more than any other group.
Common features of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
Triple-negative breast cancer is usually more aggressive, harder to treat, and more likely to come back (recur) than cancers that are hormone receptor-positive or HER2-positive. The symptoms, staging,
diagnosis, and survivorship care for triple-negative breast cancer are the same as other invasive ductal carcinomas.